Setting: The study was conducted in independent-living women in the midwest United States.
Main Outcome Measure: The relationship between serum 25OHD, serum PTH, and serum osteocalcin and 24-h urine N-telopeptides was evaluated.
Results: Serum PTH was inversely correlated with serum 25OHD (r = ‚Äì0.256, P < 0.0005), but no threshold as defined by suppression of serum PTH was found within the serum 25OHD range 6‚Äì60 ng/ml (15‚Äì150 nmol/liter). However, in contrast, there was a threshold for bone markers, serum osteocalcin and urine N-telopeptides, that increased only below a serum 25OHD of approximately 18 ng/ml (45 nmol/liter). Calcium absorption was not correlated with serum PTH and serum 25OHD, and no threshold was found. A literature review of 70 studies generally showed a threshold for serum PTH with increasing serum 25OHD, but there was no consistency in the threshold level of serum 25OHD that varied from 10 to 50 ng/ml (25‚Äì125 nmol/liter).
Conclusions: Vitamin D insufficiency should be defined as serum 25OHD less than 20 ng/ml (50 nmol/liter) as it relates to bone.
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